Fred Trump – Wikipedia


American real estate developer (1905–1999)

Frederick Christ Trump (11 October 1905 – 25 June 1999) was an American businessman and philanthropist. He was a prominent property developer in New York City. He was the father of Donald Trumpthe 45th president of United Statesand Maryanne Trump Barry, An ex United States Court of Appeals judge.

In partnership with your mother Elizabeth Christ Trump, he started a career in construction and home sales. The real estate development company was incorporated as E. Trump & Son in 1927 and grew to build and manage single family homes in Queens, barracks and garden apartments for United States Navy staff close to great shipyards along East Coastand more than 27,000 apartments in New York City.

Trump was investigated by a US Senate committee for speculation in 1954, and again for the New York State in 1966. He made Donald the president of the Trump Management Company in 1971, and they were sued by US Department of Justice Civil Rights Division for violating the Fair Housing Act in 1973. Throughout his career, he contributed to local hospitals, several non-profit organizationsand international Jewish causes.

Early life and career

Frederick Christ Trump was born in the bronx on October 11, 1905. He was the second of three children of German Lutheran immigrants Frederick and Elizabeth Christ Trump. He had an older sister, Elizabeth Trump Walters (1904–1961) and a younger brother, John G. Trump (1907-1985). Trump was conceived in Bavaria, where his parents tried unsuccessfully restore residence,[1] returning to New York after the SS Pennsylvania on July 1, 1905. Shortly after Trump’s birth, the family moved to Woodhaven, Queens. When Trump was 12, his father died in 1918 flu pandemic.[3] From 1918 to 1923, he participated Richmond Hill High School in Queens; he worked as caddy, sidewalk edge Washing machineand delivery man. Meanwhile, Trump’s mother continued the real estate business that her father had started. Interested in becoming a builder, Trump took night classes in carpentry and reading blueprints.[6] He also studied plumbing, masonryand Electrical wiring via correspondence courses. He graduated from Richmond Hill High School in 1923.[8][9]

After graduating, Trump got full-time work pulling loads of construction material to the construction sites. He found work as a carpenter and continued his education in Pratt Institute. Trump started building his first home in 1923, shortly after finishing high school.[11] Elizabeth Trump partially financed Trump’s homes,[12] and did the business on his behalf because Fred had not achieved the adulthood.[11] They did business like “E. Trump & Son”.[13] The company was incorporated in 1927,[14][15] but the name has been in use since at least 1926.[16] In 1926, Trump had built 20 homes in Queens. Fur mid 1930s (in the middle of Great Depression), he built one of the first supermarkets in the city, selling goods collected by customers with the Trump Market in Woodhaven, which advertised “Help yourself and save!” and quickly became popular. After six months, Trump sold it to the King Kullen supermarket chain, which he had originally modeled afterwards.[6]

1927 prison

In memorial day in 1927, the Ku Klux Klan marched in Queens to protest against Protestant American citizens being “beaten by the Roman Catholic police in New York City”.[19] Trump and six other men were arrested “on charges of refusing to disperse from a parade when ordered to do so”.[20][21] All seven prisoners were referred to as “protested protesters” in the Long Island daily press; Trump was the only one who was not arrested.[19][22]

When asked about the subject in September 2015, after Boing Boing dug up the article, his son Donald Trump, then a candidate for president of United States, denied that his father had ever been arrested.[19][23]

Personal life

Fred Trump (second from right) and real estate associates in 1939

Trump met his future wife Mary Anne MacLeod, an immigrant from Tong, Lewis, Scotland, at a party in the 1930s. Trump told his mother the same night that he had met his future wife. Trump, one LutheranMary, married Presbyterian, on January 11, 1936, in the Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church with George Arthur Buttrick officiant.[25]

A wedding reception was held at Carlyle Hotel at the Manhattan. Fred and Mary Trump settled in Jamaica, Queens,[26] and had five children:[27] Maryanne Trump Barry (born 1937),[a] Fred Trump Jr. (1938–1981),[b][28] Elizabeth Trump Degree (born 1942),[c][30] Donald Trump (born 1946)[d][31] and Robert Trump (born 1948).[e][32]

Trump was an authoritarian father, maintaining a curfew and banning name calling, lipsticks and snacks between meals. At the end of his day, Trump would receive a report from Mary on the children’s actions and, if necessary, decide on disciplinary actions. He took his children to build sites to collect empty bottles and return to the warehouses. The boys had paper routes, and when the weather was bad, the father let them deliver in a limo.

During Second World War and until the 1980s, Trump denied having spoken German and claimed that he was Swedish source. According to Trump’s nephew, John Walter, “he had many Jewish tenants and it was not good to be German at that time.”[3] Donald Trump’s The art of the deal (1987) falsely claims that Fred Trump was the son of an immigrant from Sweden and born in New Jersey.[36][f]

In 1981, Trump’s eldest son, Frederick Jr., died at the age of 42 from complications from alcoholism.[38]

Career

Trump c. 1940

Trump c. 1950

During World War II, Trump built barracks and garden apartments for United States Navy staff close to big shipyards along the east coast.[g][3] After the war, he expanded into middle-income housing for returning veterans’ families, building Shore Haven in Bensonhurst in 1949, and Beach Haven near Coney Island in 1950 (a total of 2,700 apartments). In the same year, he wrote an article advertising his apartments in the real estate section of Brooklyn Eagle,[39] that often showed him and his company.[40] In 1963-1964, he built Trump Village, an apartment complex in Coney Island, for $ 70 million.[6] He built more than 27,000 low-income apartments and terraced houses in the New York area.[h][3]

Profit investigations

In early 1954, the President Dwight D. Eisenhower and other federal leaders began to denounce real estate developers. On June 11, The New York Times included Trump on a list of 35 city builders accused of profiting from government contracts.
He and others were investigated by a US Senate Banking Committee for unexpected gains. Trump and his partner William Tomasello (who previously had mafia ties)[43] were cited as examples of how profits were made by builders using the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).[44]:409 The two paid $ 34,200 for a piece of land they rented to the company for $ 76,960 annually on a 99-year lease, so that if the apartment they built would ever default, the FHA owed them $ 1,924. million. Trump and Tomasello evidently borrowed for $ 3.5 million more than the Beach Haven apartments had cost.[45][44]:58 Trump argued that because he had not withdrawn the money, he had not literally pocketed the profits.[44]:410 He further argued that, due to rising costs, he would have to invest more than 10% of the mortgage loan not provided by the FHA and will therefore suffer a loss if it is built under these conditions.[44]:414-5

In 1966, Trump was again investigated for extraordinary profits, this time by the New York State Investigation Commission. After Trump overestimated construction costs sponsored by a state program, he profited $ 598,000 in equipment rental for the construction of Trump Village, which was spent on other projects. Under testimony on January 27, 1966, Trump said he personally had done nothing wrong and praised the success of his construction project. The commission called Trump “a rather astute character” with a “talent for making all his profit on his housing project”, but no charges have been made. Instead, stricter management protocols and greater responsibility for the state’s housing program were required.

Filho becomes company president

Fred’s son Donald Trump joined Trump Management Company around 1968, and rose to become president of the company in 1971. In the mid-1970s, Donald received loans from his father in excess of $ 14 million (later claimed by Donald to be just $ 1 million).[49] This allowed Donald to enter the real estate sector in Manhattan, while his father lived in Brooklyn and Queens.[50] “It was good for me,” commented Donald later. “You know, being someone’s son, it could have been a competition for me. That way, I got Manhattan just for me.”[3]

Donald Trump renewed the Grand Hyatt in New York in the late 1970s, for which Fred provided $ 2 million to help repay the construction loan. He also helped his son with $ 35 million Credit line, $ 30 million mortgageand an additional corporate loan.

Fred Trump’s son Robert also worked at the company, becoming a top executive before he retired.[28][52]

Violations of civil rights processes and codes

Minority candidates who refused to rent apartments complained to New York City Human Rights Comission and the Urban League, prompting the League and other groups to send test candidates to Trump-owned complexes in July 1972. They concluded that whites apartments were offered, while black were generally removed. Both of the aforementioned advocacy organizations raised the issue with the Department of Justice.[53] In October 1973, the US Department of Justice Civil Rights Division (DOJ) filed a civil rights suit against the Trump Organization (Fred Trump, President and Donald Trump, President) for violating the Fair Housing Act 1968.[53] In response, Trump’s lawyer Roy Cohn fined $ 100 million, implicating the DOJ for alleged false charges.[53]

Court records showed that four landlords or rental agents confirmed that requests sent to Trump’s headquarters for approval denoted the candidate’s race.[54] A rental agent said Fred Trump instructed him to “not rent to blacks” and “decrease the number of black tenants by encouraging them to locate homes elsewhere”.[54] AN consent decree between the DOJ and the Trump Organization was signed on June 10, 1975, with both sides claiming victory – the Trump Organization for its ability to continue to deny rent to welfare recipients and the head of the DOJ housing division for decree being “one of the most comprehensive ever negotiated”.[53][54] Personally and corporately, he prohibited the Trumps from “discriminating against anyone in … selling or renting a home” and “demanded that Trump advertise vacancies in minority newspapers, promote minorities for professional jobs and list vacancies preferentially.”[54] Finally, he ordered the Trumps “to become completely personally acquainted on a detailed basis with … the Fair Housing Act 1968. “[53][55]

In early 1976, Trump was ordered by a county judge to correct code violations on a 504 unit property in Nice seat, Maryland. According the county a housing department investigator, the violations included broken windows, crumbling gutters and missing fire extinguishers.[i] After a court date and a series of phone calls with Trump, he was invited to the property to meet with county officials in September 1976 and arrested on the spot.[57] Trump was released on $ 1,000 bail.[56]

Wealth and heritage

Trump appeared in the initial Forbes 400 list of the richest Americans in 1982, with an estimated $ 200 million fortune shared with their son Donald.[58] In 1976, Trump created $ 1 million ($ 4.5 million in 2019) trust funds for each of his five children and three grandchildren, who paid annual dividends.[59] In 1993, the brothers’ advance shares in Trump’s assets totaled $ 35 million each.[60][59] After Trump’s death in 1999, he split $ 20 million after tax between his surviving children.[59][61][62]

In October 2018, The New York Times published a expose drawing on more than 100,000 pages of tax returns and financial records from Trump companies and interviews with former advisers and employees. O Times concluded that his son Donald “was a millionaire at 8”[63] and that he had received $ 413 million (adjusted for inflation) from Fred’s commercial empire throughout his life.[64]

According Times, the oldest Trump lent at least $ 60 million to his son, who was largely unable to repay him.[63] The document also described a series of allegedly fraudulent tax schemes, for example, when Trump sold Trump Palace condominium shares to his son well below the purchase price, thus masking what could be considered a hidden donation and benefiting from a low of taxes.[64] Donald Trump’s lawyer denied allegations of fraud and tax evasion.[65]

Philanthropy

Fred Trump (left) and other realtors at a New York and Brooklyn Federation Jewish charity dinner

Fred and Mary Trump supported medical charities by donating buildings. After Mary received medical care at Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, they donated the Trump Pavilion;[3][66] Fred was also a hospital administrator. The couple donated a complex of two buildings in Brooklyn as home to “functionally impaired adults” and other buildings for the National Kidney Foundation from New York and New Jersey.[3][66] The Cerebral Palsy Foundation of New York and New Jersey also received a building.[3] In addition, Fred made charitable contributions to the Long Island Jewish Hospital and the Special Surgery Hospital in Manhattan.[3]

The Trumps were active in The Salvation Army, a Scouts of Americaand the lighthouse for the blind.[66] Fred also supported the Kew-Forest School,[3] where his children attended and he served on the board of directors.[68] Trump was so active in Jewish and Israeli makes some believe that he belonged to the Jewish faith. This includes donating the land to the Beach Haven Jewish Center in Flatbush, New York,[69] supporting Israel Titles,[70] and serving as treasurer of a benefit concert in Israel, presenting easy to listen artists.

Later years and death

During the 1980s, Fred Trump became friends with Israel’s future prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, which at the time was the Israeli Ambassador to United Nations in Manhattan.[71]

Fred and his wife were given an apartment on the 63rd (actually, the 55th)[72] walk your son Trump Tower, which they rarely used. The couple stayed together until Fred’s death. He suffered from Alzheimer’s disease in the last six years of your life,[3] and finally got sick with pneumonia in June 1999. He was admitted to Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, where he died at age 93 on June 25.[75] Trump’s estate was estimated by his family to be between $ 250 million and $ 300 million.[3] His funeral was held at Marble Collegiate Church[75] and his body is buried in Lutheran All Faiths Cemetery at the Middle Village, Queens.[76] His widow, Mary, died the following summer, on August 7, 2000, in New Hyde Park, New York, at 88 years old.[66]

In popular culture

Folk icon Woody Guthrie he was a tenant in one of Trump’s apartment complexes in Brooklyn in 1950.[45] In your unrecorded song “Old Man Trump“, he accused the owner of tampering racial hatred “in the blood vessel of human hearts”.[77]

One episode of the 2019 television series watchmakers seems to portray Fred Trump as a member of the Ku Klux Klan.[78] Comedian Seth MacFarlane credits Donald Trump’s fortune to his father, comparing his relationship with that of Jaden and Will Smith.[79]

A satirical piece in McSweeney’s depicts someone who tries to go back in time to kill Adolf Hitler, but arrives at the hospital room where Fred and Mary Trump are with their newborn baby Donald.[80]

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ A federal judge of the appeals court
  2. ^ An airline pilot with Trans World Airlines
  3. ^ An executive from Chase Manhattan Bank[29]
  4. ^ Businessman, television personality and 45 president of United States
  5. ^ A senior executive at his father’s property management company
  6. ^ As President of the United States, Donald Trump has stated at least three times incorrectly that his father was born in Germany.[37]
  7. ^ Including Chester, Pennsylvania, Newport News and Norfolk, Virginia
  8. ^ Including Coney Island, Bensonhurst, Sheepshead Bay, Flatbushand brighton beach at the Brooklynand Flushing and Jamaica Estates in Queens
  9. ^ According to the vice president of the subsidiary responsible for the property, there has recently been an increase in low-income tenants.[56]

Quotations

  1. ^ Connolly, Kate (November 21, 2016). “Historian finds German decree banning Trump’s grandfather”. The Guardian.
  2. ^ an B ç d and f g H I j k I Rozhon, Tracie (June 26, 1999). “Fred C. Trump, master housing builder for the postwar middle class, dies at 93”. The New York Times. Recovered January 29 2017.
  3. ^ an B ç Snyder, Gerald S. (July 26, 1964). “Millionaire calls work your hobby”. The Bridgeport Post: 65. Recovered January 29 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ “Looking at Donald Trump’s father’s connection to Woodhaven”. QNS.com.
  5. ^ Blair, Gwenda (6 October 2015). The Trumps: Three Generations of Builders and a Presidential Candidate. Simon and Schuster. P. 486 ISBN 9781501139369 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ an B Whitman, Alden (28 January 1973). “A builder looks back and moves on”. New York Times. Recovered October 8, 2018.
  7. ^ Mason, Joseph B. (December 1, 1940). “Largest individual construction show”. American builder and building age. ProQuest 853825839. When [Fred Trump] At the age of 27, he started his first job of building small houses on his own, but with some financial support from his mother. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  8. ^ Barrett, Wayne (2016). Trump: The Greatest Show on Earth: Business, the Fall, Reinvention. Simon & Schuster. P. 63 ISBN 9781942872979.
  9. ^ “New concerns are working with the capital of Queens.” The Daily Star. April 16, 1927. p. 16 Jamaica’s E. Trump & Son Company, Inc., was formed with capital of $ 50,000 to trade real estate.
  10. ^ “New concerns work with Queens Capital”. The Daily Star. April 16, 1927.
  11. ^ “The residents of the house buy Hollis houses”. New York Times. July 21, 1926. p. 32) They also sold E. Trump & Son colonial-style housing on Wall Street to William Socolow for occupation.
  12. ^ an B ç Bump, Philip (29 February 2016). “In 1927, Donald Trump’s father was arrested after a Klan riot in Queens”. The repair. The Washington Post. Recovered January 29 2017.
  13. ^ Pearl, Mike (March 10, 2016). “All the evidence we could find about Fred Trump’s alleged involvement with the KKK”. Vice. The vice guide for the 2016 elections. Recovered January 29 2017.
  14. ^ Blum, Matt (9 September 2015). “1927 report: Donald Trump’s father arrested in a fight with KKK police”. Boing Boing. Recovered January 28 2018.
  15. ^ “Warren criticizes class parades. The New York Times. The New York Times Company. June 1, 1927. Recovered 15th May, 2019. Fred Trump, 175-24 Devonshire Road, Jamaica, was discharged.
  16. ^ Horowitz, Jason (September 22, 2015). “First draft: in an interview, Donald Trump denies his father’s arrest report in 1927”. The New York Times. Recovered January 29 2017. It is unfair to mention this, to be honest, because there were no charges. They said that there were accusations against other people, but there was absolutely no accusations, totally false.
  17. ^ Hannan, Martin (May 20, 2016). “An inconvenient truth? Donald Trump’s Scottish mother was a low-income migrant”. The National. Recovered November 19, 2016.
  18. ^ Pilon, Mary (June 24, 2016). “Donald Trump’s immigrant mother”. The New Yorker. Recovered February 12 2017.
  19. ^ Powell, Kimberly (March 2, 2016). “Donald Trump’s German and Scottish family tree”. About.com. Recovered January 29 2017.
  20. ^ an B Horowitz, Jason (January 2, 2016). “For Donald Trump, lessons from a brother’s suffering”. The New York Times. Recovered January 29 2017.
  21. ^ Gavin, Michael (23 June 2017). “Sister Trump sells a beachfront home in Westhampton Beach for $ 3.8 million”. Newsday. Recovered May 28 2018.
  22. ^ “Know the trump cards: Donald Trump’s family tree”. MSN News. May 8, 2018. Recovered May 28 2018.
  23. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt; Barbaro, Michael (9 November 2016). “Donald Trump is elected president for astounding rejection of the establishment”. The New York Times. Recovered January 30 2017.
  24. ^ Chabba, Seerat (15 November 2016). “Who are Donald Trump’s brothers? What you need to know about Maryanne, Freddy, Elizabeth and Robert Trump”. International Business Times. Recovered January 29 2017.
  25. ^ “Fact check: Trump’s father was not born in Germany”. CNN. April 3, 2019. Recovered April 3, 2019.
  26. ^ Blake, Aaron (April 2, 2019). “Analysis | Trump wrongly claims that his father was born in Germany – for the third time”. The Washington Post. Recovered April 4, 2019.
  27. ^ Collman, Ashley (April 11, 2019). “Meet Donald Trump’s brothers, the oldest of whom retired as a federal judge”. Business Insider. Recovered August 8th, 2019.
  28. ^ Trump, Fred C. (February 5, 1950). “Plan Brighton homes for a pleasant life”. Brooklyn Eagle (35): 33. Recovered May 9 2019.
  29. ^ “Newspapers.com search”. Brooklyn Public Library. Recovered May 9 2019.
  30. ^ “La Cosa Nostra”. GlobalSecurity.org. Recovered April 24th, 2019.
  31. ^ an B ç d “Hearings before the Banking and Currency Committee” (PDF). The Washington Post. United States Senate: Eighth Third Congress. July 20, 1954. Recovered August 19th, 2018.
  32. ^ an B Moyer, Justin William (January 22, 2016). “The unbelievable story of why Woody Guthrie hated Donald Trump’s father”. The Washington Post. Recovered January 29 2017.
  33. ^ Berzon, Alexandra; Rubin, Richard (23 September 2016). “Trump’s father helped the Republican Party candidate with several loans”. Wall Street Newspaper. Recovered January 29 2017.
  34. ^ Glum, Julia (September 26, 2016). “How much money did Trump get from his father? The small loan controversy explained”. International Business Times. Recovered January 29 2017 – via IBTimes.com.
  35. ^ Kassel, Matthew (2 November 2016). “Why Donald Trump’s brother Robert is down during this election”. City and country. Recovered July 17, 2019.
  36. ^ an B ç d and Kranish, Michael; O’Harrow, Robert Jr. (23 January 2016). “Inside the government’s racial prejudice case against Donald Trump’s company and how he fought”. The Washington Post. Recovered January 29 2017.
  37. ^ an B ç d Barrett, Wayne (January 15, 1979). “Like father, like son: anatomy of a young power broker”. The Village Voice. Recovered January 29 2017.
  38. ^ United States of America x Fred C. Trump and Trump Management, Inc. (Eastern District Court of New York on October 15, 1973). Text
  39. ^ an B DeYoung, Karen (September 30, 1976). “N.Y. Owner of PG units seized in breaches of the code” (PDF). The Washington Post.
  40. ^ Thompson, Vernon C. (March 10, 1977). “New Carrolton Mayor seeks housing inspector”. The Washington Post.
  41. ^ Wang, Jennifer (March 24, 2016). “Donald Trump’s ups and downs: three decades inside and outside the Forbes 400”. Forbes. Recovered June 9, 2018.
  42. ^ an B ç Kessler, Glenn (March 3, 2016). “Trump’s false claim that he built his empire on a ‘small loan’ from his father”. The Washington Post.
  43. ^ O’Brien, Timothy L. (October 23, 2005). “How much is it really worth?”. The New York Times. Recovered February 25 2016.
  44. ^ Rozhon, Tracy (June 26, 1999). “Fred C. Trump, master housing builder for the postwar middle class, dies at 93”. The New York Times. Recovered August 19th, 2015.
  45. ^ Horowitz, Jason (January 2, 2016). “For Donald Trump, lessons from a brother’s suffering”. The New York Times. Then came the revelation of Fred Sr.’s will, which Donald helped to draft. He divided most of the inheritance, at least $ 20 million, between his children and their descendants, ‘besides my son Fred C. Trump Jr.’
  46. ^ an B Barstow, David; Craig, Susanne; Buettner, Russ (October 2, 2018). “11 conclusions from the Times investigation into Trump’s wealth”. The New York Times. Recovered October 3, 2018.
  47. ^ an B Barstow, David; Craig, Susanne; Buettner, Russ (October 2, 2018). “Trump got involved in suspicious tax schemes by harvesting his father’s wealth”. The New York Times. Recovered October 2nd, 2018.
  48. ^ Campbell, Jon; Spector, Joseph (October 3, 2018). “New York could impose heavy fines if Trump’s tax fraud is proven”. USA today. Recovered October 5, 2018.
  49. ^ an B ç d NYT team (August 9, 2000). “Mary MacLeod Trump Philanthropist, 88”. The New York Times. Recovered January 30 2017.
  50. ^ Tuccille, Jerome (1985). Trump: America’s Most Powerful Real Estate Baron Saga. Beard books. P. 38 ISBN 9781587982231. Recovered February 18th, 2017.
  51. ^ TJP team (November 21, 2016). “Trump family donates a lot to Jewish and Israeli causes”. Jewish Press. Brooklyn, NY. JNi.Media. Recovered January 30 2017.
  52. ^ Haaretz team (March 25, 2016). “The Swedish Whopper: Donald Trump’s long struggle with the truth” (printed and online). Haaretz. Recovered January 30 2017 – via Haaretz.com.
  53. ^ Sherman, Gabriel (June 1, 2016). “Trump is considering a pre-convention visit to Israel”. New York. Recovered January 29 2017.
  54. ^ Abelson, Max; Drucker, Jesse; Mider, Zachary R. (October 25, 2016). “Inside Trump Tower, the center of the billionaire universe”. Bloomberg.com. Recovered May 1, 2019.
  55. ^ an B Mosconi, Angela (June 26, 1999). “Fred Trump, Donald’s father, dies at 93”. New York Post. Recovered January 29 2017.
  56. ^ Scovell, Nell (October 11, 2016). “A visit to Trump’s cemetery”. Squire. Recovered January 20 2017.
  57. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (25 January 2016). “Woody Guthrie wrote his contempt for his landlord, Donald Trump’s father”. The New York Times. Recovered January 29 2017.
  58. ^ Smail, Gretchen (25 November 2019). “There was a sneaky dig in the Trump family at ‘Watchmen’ this week”. Urgency. Recovered November 25, 2019.
  59. ^ Love, Matthew (8 November 2016). “More than 200 great Donald Trump jokes and sketches”. Vulture. Recovered July, 22, 2019.
  60. ^ Wayne, Teddy (September 26, 2018). “A time traveler goes back in time to the birth of baby Hitler, but receives the wrong baby”. McSweeney’s Internet Trend. Recovered July, 22, 2019.

Sources

Further reading

External Links


Paula Fonseca