Stem cell transplants created a revolution in the treatment of blood disorders at the National Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion (NIHBT).
A boy (left) was transplanted with stem cells at the National Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion.
The institute carried out an autologous stem cell transplant for the first time in 2006, and since then, hundreds of people have found new life after receiving a stem cell transplant.
Duong Ngoc Chien, from the central province of Ha Tinh, discovered a large tumor in his abdomen and underarm swelling 14 years ago.
Then, she was diagnosed with blood cancer.
The 15-year-old girl with many dreams and ambitions was devastated.
His youth turned into days of tears and pain, revolving around hospitals, drugs and needles.
After seven years of drug treatment, Chien’s disease has become increasingly serious. She was vomiting constantly and was unable to eat or drink. The young woman was emaciated.
At 22, Chien underwent a stem cell transplant operation. If the transplant were successful, she would be healthy, but if her body rejected the transplanted cells, she would face the worst case scenario.
After many days of thinking, she chose to receive stem cells donated by her brother.
After the transplant, the young woman vomited blood. His body was exhausted. After four months, the cancer was still in his blood.
Chien passed out completely and thought he would die soon.
But thinking about the amount of money her family borrowed to save her life, she tried to fight the disease every day.
Luck finally smiled at her and in the fifth month, her test indicators improved. She gradually recovered and had a normal, healthy life for the past seven years.
Now she is married and has a bright future ahead of her.
Unlike Chien, the three-year-old boy Pham Nguyen Ha in Hanoi had to undergo three stem cell transplants, in addition to long-term chemotherapy sessions.
The first time, Ha received stem cells transplanted from a community blood bank, but the operation failed.
The second time, the boy received stem cells donated by his father, but also without success.
Relentless, the family decided to allow Ha to have his mother’s third stem cell transplant, but the result was still a failure.
When everything seemed hopeless, the cells that Ha received from his father in the second transplant suddenly “grew” in his body.
After the successful transplant, Ha still had to go to the hospital regularly for blood and platelet transfusions, but gradually his visits to the hospital were reduced.
Two years after the stem cell transplant, Hà is healthy now and can go to school and play with his friends.
Dr. Tran Ngoc Que, the director of NIHBT at the Stem Cell Bank, said that stem cells have the ability to divide to reproduce or produce more differentiated cells.
They form functional cells in the body and organs and repair problems in the body.
Stem cell transplants are used to treat a variety of diseases, such as blood cancer, bone marrow disorders and lymphoma.
Recognizing the important role of stem cells in the treatment of blood disorders, the NIHBT has implemented the hematopoietic stem cell transplant method, curing many patients with fatal diseases.
In 2006, the institute performed its first autologous stem cell transplant for a patient with multiple myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells.
In May 2008, the institute successfully carried out its first congenital stem cell transplant, marking a new era for stem cell transplants as a promising treatment for patients with blood disorders.
“Stem cells can be obtained from many sources, such as embryos, fetuses, baby umbilical cord blood or adult body tissue,” said Que.
“However, cord blood stem cells are more widely used due to their many advantages of being an ‘immature’ cell with a very large reproductive capacity, simple and easy collection and a high capacity to match those that do not share the same lineage with donors, ”he added.
As many patients struggle to find suitable stem cells from family members or relatives, the institute created the first community bank of cord blood stem cells in Vietnam in May 2015.
The institute was also the first unit to successfully transplant stem cells from community umbilical cord blood, giving hope to patients who were unable to find adequate sources of stem cells from their relatives.
Currently, the institute’s bank has about 5,300 umbilical cord blood samples, of which about 4,000 have already been collected in the community and the rest is at the request of the parents.
These cells are of high quality and meet international standards and many samples have been used to treat patients with serious illnesses.
According to Vo Thi Thanh Binh, head of the Stem Cell Transplant Department, the institution has already carried out 465 stem cell transplants.
“The institute has researched and implemented many complex transplantation techniques from many different stem cell sources, such as the transplantation of cord blood stem cells from the same blood and not from the same lineage, and haplotype and haplotype transplant combined with stem cells. cord blood stem, ”Binh said.
To help patients have more information and knowledge about stem cell transplants, at the end of last year, the institute launched the Stem Cell Transplant Patients Club.
“Upon joining the club, patients were updated with knowledge about care before, during and after the transplantation process,” said Binh.
“This‘ common home ’is expected to become a foothold, providing spiritual motivation for patients and a bridge for medical staff to better care and support transplant patients,” said the doctor.
Children’s Hospital 2 in Ho Chi Minh City has successfully performed an autologous stem cell transplant on the smallest patient so far – a 32-month-old girl suffering from severe neuroblastoma (NB).
More time is needed to measure the effectiveness of a cancer treatment with immunotherapy, Vietnamese scientists say.