What is bursitis?
Bursitis is the inflammation or irritation of a bursa sac. You have these bags all over your body. They are filled with fluid that helps facilitate friction and friction between tissues such as bones, muscles, tendons and skin. Bursitis is common around major joints, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip or knee.
Causes and risk factors for bursitis
Bursitis is common in adults, especially after the age of 40.
It is usually caused by repeated pressure on an area or the excessive use of a joint. High-risk activities include gardening, gathering, carpentry, digging, painting, cleaning, tennis, golf, skiing and launching. You can also get bursitis by sitting or standing incorrectly for a long time at work or at home, or by not stretching enough before exercising. Sudden injuries can sometimes cause bursitis.
As you get older, your tendons also can’t handle stress. They are less elastic and easier to tear.
If there is a problem with the structure of a bone or joint (such as legs of different lengths or arthritis in a joint), which can put more pressure on the bursa, causing bursitis. Reactions to medications and stress or inflammation from other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, drop, psoriatic arthritis, or thyroid disorders, can also increase the risk.
An infection, especially with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria can sometimes cause bursitis.
Types of bursitis
Bursitis can affect your:
Symptoms of bursitis
Pain is the most common symptom of bursitis. It may increase slowly or be sudden and severe, especially if you have calcium deposits in the area. Its articulation can also be:
Call your doctor if you have:
- Fever (over 102)
- Swelling, redness and heat in the area
- General illness or more than one area that hurts
- Problems moving the joint
These can be signs of an infection or other problem that needs immediate medical attention.
Prevention of bursitis
It is not always possible to prevent bursitis, but some steps can decrease the risk.
- Use pads or protectors when supporting a joint on a hard surface, such as when kneeling or sitting.
- If you play sports, mix things up so you don’t make the same moves all the time. Warm up and stretch before playing, and always use the right shape.
- Start slowly and easily when trying a new exercise or sport. As you gain strength, you can use more strength and move more often.
- Don’t stay still for too long.
- Take breaks frequently when doing the same movements over and over.
- Use good posture all day.
- Maintain a healthy body weight.
- If something hurts, stop doing it and check with your doctor.
Diagnosis of Bursitis
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and do a physical exam to see if the joint is swollen. You can also take tests, including:
- Image tests. X-rays can rule out other problems that may be causing pain. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound provide the doctor with an image of your joint.
- Laboratory tests. Your doctor may use a needle to get some fluid out of your bursa and test it for signs of infection.
Treatment of bursitis
Follow these steps to treat bursitis:
- Avoid activities that make you worse
- Rest and elevate the area
- Place a brace, band or splint on the joint
- Ice in the area
- Without recipe anti-inflammatory drugs
Consult your doctor if you don’t feel better after a week. They can prescribe medications like steroids, which work quickly to reduce inflammation and pain. Your doctor may prescribe pills to swallow or use a needle to inject them into the irritated area. They can also inject pain medications.
Physiotherapy can help you strengthen your muscles and give you more range of motion in your joint.
If you have an infected bursa, your doctor may use a needle to remove the fluid. You will probably need antibiotics.
It is rare, but you may need surgery if other treatments are not helping.